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Greek aristocratic families wished to emphasize the difference from ordinary people. Getting acquainted with culture and customs of Ellada, Macedonians imitated Greeks. They also thought up to themselves a genealogy, which was descended from myth's Heroes. Alexander regarded himself as the descendant of Heracles. Greek Alexandros means "Defender of Men". Alexander The Great is the most famous general in history. He was born in Pela. His father Philipe was a King of Macedonia. The boy distinguished by the ambition, courage and he believed in himself, but Alexander didn't follow any glory like his father. Philipe selected Aristotle to learn Alexander when he was 13. Aristotle inoculated to Alexander a great love not only to literature, but also interested him by the political life of other cities, and their relationship lasted throughout Alexander's life. Even after the execution of his nephew, Aristotle continued to receive presents from the king. His brave spirit was showed in an early youth. Philip left Alexander to control a governing of Macedonia, when he was absent. Alexander justified hopes of father; he managed with the Thracian revolt. The king was proud of him, but later the relationship between son and father were destroyed, because Philip has divorced with his mother - Olympia and married Cleopatra. The ambitious youngster got used to consider himself as one legal heir and he horrified the idea about second child from Cleopatra. During this time Alexander began secret negotiation with Persians, preparing to marry the daughter of Persian deputy. No one knows which measures would be taken against Alexander, if Philip haven't had been killed at that moment. The reasons of a crime have remained unknown. It was talking that the organizers were Alexander and his mother. Despite the fact Alexander has immediately killed the murderer and all suspected in participating in the plot against Philip. Some people considered that it was made to provide a silence of all people knowing about his participation. At once after Philips death the child who was born from his second marriage was killed.

Alexander The Great Thus Alexander succeeded his father throne, when he was 20. From all parts the power of Macedonia was in danger. Greece was going to return their freedom. Alexander with a Macedonian army directed their steps to the north. He put down the revolt of Thracian. After that he went against rebelling Greeks. Despite of heroic resistance of Thebes, the city was destroyed. About 30 000 inhabitants were sold into slavery. This action broke the spirit of rebellion in the other Greek states.

In the spring of 334 up to AD, Alexander forwarded the army through Gellespont and began the cheekiest battle. At the western and northern coasts of Asia there were located the cities of Greek. The most of the inhabitants served in the army of Persian king and it was important for Alexander to wake a heroic spirit of Greek to provide by their support. For this purpose it's a best way to present a campaign of Macedonian as a continuation of secular struggle between Europe and Asia. Alexander called to the aid history and mythology.

Landing at Asian Minor, first of all the king visited ruins of Trojan, made a magnificent festival in honor of heroes of Trojan War, especially Achileas. He was considered a descendent of Macedonian kings. The sense of these celebrations was clear for everybody. It was the descendent - Alexander continued the matter of the ancestor. He became a leader of Greeks to finish the war.

Meanwhile, the Persian deputies collected their armies and took the convenient position on the abrupt coast of the river. Macedonians should be forwarded through this river in order to penetrate into the country. The crossing through the river, which was protected by Persians, was a difficult job. All Alexander's commanders could not support this idea. They indicated a depth of the river and speed of its current, on inaccessibility of the position borrowed by Persians and advised to postpone crucial battle and to try to find the way, which would be less dangerous. Contrary to all advisers, Alexander decided to attack Persians and he wanted to beat them out from a borrowed position. Observing this attack, the eyes-witnesses informed that the whole undertaking seemed to be crazy. Many commanders considered that Alexander leaded the armies to inevitable decease. However, the attack was victorious.

They said that in that battle, Persians loosed about 20 000 of the infantry and 2 500 of housemen. The big spoils, which Alexander took, were sent to inhabitants of Athens in order to win their favor and to provide himself a strong rear in Greece. The victory of this place gave the Macedonian conqueror the access to Asia Minor. One by one, Greek's towns that were situated in Asia surrendered without resistance. Soon, the other parts of Asia Minor became Alexander's land.

One day, the king of Macedonia saw a chariot that had a pole. The most complicated bundle fixed this pole. There was a legend, that one who would manage with this bundle; he should become a world ruler. Ambitious and vain Alexander decided to be successful by any means. However the bundle resisted all efforts. Alexander snatched out a sword and spitted cords. The court flatterer said that it was a good sign and foretold him a conquest of the world.

During this time, Alexander found out, that Persian's king -Dary III with his army moved against Macedonians and Alexander forwarded. Both armies met near the Syrian city - Issa. The quantity of the Persians army exceeded the Greeks, but Dary couldn't use this advantage. Dary and his people saved themselves by running. The message about his running served as a signal for the retreat. The Persians were beaten.

After that, Alexander directed his steps to Egypt. The empire of Persians burdened the population of Egypt for a long time and that is why they were happy of Macedonian coming. Alexander was considered as a liberator of Egypt. He wanted to reinforce the sympathies of Egyptians and to interest in their benefits of trade, which would bring to Egypt an opportunity of the entry in the world society. Trying to win friendly feelings of inhabitants, Alexander underlined his respect to Egyptians religions and customs. Soon he went in the difficult campaign through a desert. There was an oasis - a small piece of green earth. Egyptians thought that there was a temple of sun's god. Also there were priestesses, which retold a future. That campaign nearly destroyed the army, but when the king got to that place, the priestess named him a son of Zeus and predicted that he became the Lord of the World. Since Alexander began to speak about his gods origin, wasn't surprised when one named him a God. He believed that the gods helped him and no one circumstance can stop him.

The power of Persians was finally destroyed in the battle of the September 331 AD. Alexander hadn't more serious opponents and he could declare himself as the king of the whole Asia. Borrowed ancient Persian capital, the king lodged in the imperial palace. When Greeks and Macedonians saw him at the throne, they triumphed, but not many of them had an idea that Alexander became the same despot who was before him.

The aspiration to humiliate Persians, forced him on action that threw a shadow on his name and glory of the winner, but it didn't matter for him. Under the pretext of revenge, he destroyed remarkable monument of Persian art - Persian Temple. When Dary was killed, Persians hoped that Alexander stopped his campaign. But it was wrong. Despite the facts that soldiers were against that fighting, Alexander couldn't stop his ambitions. It caused disagreements between the king and his army.

The irritation against the king was showed in the mockery at his close and behavior, after that it developed in the plots and attempts on his life. The king began killing all of that who was dissatisfied by his political action.


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